Native plants

Mountain flax

Scientific name: Phormium cookianum
Maori name: Wharariki
Other names: Coastal flax

Pioneer Other plant - native to the Wellington Region
Suits: damp, dry, partial shade, sunny, exposure, coastal forest garden, coastal and dune garden, small garden or balcony

About Mountain flax

One of our two iconic flax species. The mountain or costal flax is often found on coastal cliff faces and open rocky or hard  ground. The mountain flax is smaller than the otherwise well known swamp flax. It is also distinguished by its yellow flowers and twisted seed heads.The seed heads becomes thin, papery and oily with age. The leaves are arching up to a metre long and with a green, lime, olive or often light yellow-green coloration.The flowers talk can grow up to 2 metre with flowers at the top in coloration of greenish, with tones of orange or yellow and very appriciated by native nectar eating birds such as tui, bellbird and silverye. but also by geckos.

Flax tolerates both dry and moist soil and will almost always look great.
This species is drought tolerant and grows well in pots and containers with full sun. 

Very easy from fresh seed. Most commonly grown by the division of rooted "fans" from established plants..

Provides for birds

  Nectar Fruit Seeds
Key . . .

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Read more about gardening for birds or see full nectar calendar.

Provides for lizards

  • Clump forming for camouflage and insects
  • Nectar

Read more about gardening for lizards.

More detail